Accounting for NFTs with Bitcoin: A Comprehensive Guide

Accounting for NFTs with Bitcoin: A Comprehensive Guide

Digital artwork and collectibles have taken the world by storm, and with the rise of NFTs (non-fungible tokens) and Bitcoin, the possibility of owning and trading unique and valuable digital assets has never been more accessible. However, with this new digital market, comes the need for new accounting practices that account for both NFTs and Bitcoin. This guide aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of accounting for NFTs with Bitcoin, covering everything from understanding the basics to tracking financial records.

Understanding NFTs and Bitcoin

What are NFTs?

NFTs, or non-fungible tokens, are a relatively new concept in the world of blockchain technology. They are cryptographic tokens that are unique and irreplaceable, meaning that each one is different from the next. Unlike Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, NFTs cannot be exchanged for one another. They are essentially a way to represent digital ownership of a unique asset, allowing creators to sell their art, music, memes, and more as one-of-a-kind pieces.

One of the most interesting things about NFTs is that they can be used to represent anything that is unique and valuable, not just digital art. For example, a physical piece of art could be paired with an NFT to prove ownership and authenticity, or a rare collectible could be paired with an NFT to create a digital representation of the item.

How does Bitcoin work?

Bitcoin is a digital currency that uses cryptography to ensure that transactions are secure and that there is no need for a central bank or government to manage it. Instead, it uses a decentralized network of computers to verify transactions and maintain records on a public ledger called the blockchain.

The blockchain is a decentralized ledger that records all Bitcoin transactions in chronological order. This means that every transaction that has ever occurred on the Bitcoin network is recorded on the blockchain, and it is publicly accessible to anyone who wants to view it.

One of the key features of Bitcoin is that it is decentralized, meaning that no single entity or organization controls it. Instead, it is maintained by a network of users who run Bitcoin software on their computers and validate transactions.

The connection between NFTs and Bitcoin

The beauty of NFTs is that they can be bought and sold with Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies, making them a perfect fit for the decentralized financial world. This means that the accounting for NFTs and Bitcoin is intertwined.

When someone buys an NFT with Bitcoin, the transaction is recorded on the blockchain just like any other Bitcoin transaction. This means that the ownership of the NFT is recorded on the blockchain, and it is publicly accessible to anyone who wants to view it.

One of the most interesting things about the connection between NFTs and Bitcoin is that it allows for new opportunities in the world of digital ownership. For example, an artist could sell a one-of-a-kind piece of digital art as an NFT, and the ownership of that art would be recorded on the blockchain. This means that the buyer would have a unique, verifiable ownership claim on the art, and it could be resold in the future just like any other asset.

Overall, the connection between NFTs and Bitcoin is an exciting development in the world of blockchain technology. It allows for new opportunities in the world of digital ownership and creates a new type of asset that is unique, verifiable, and valuable.

Setting up your digital wallet

Choosing the right wallet for NFTs and Bitcoin

Before you can acquire NFTs or Bitcoin, you will need to set up a digital wallet that can hold and manage them. There are many wallets available, and it's essential to choose one that supports both NFTs and Bitcoin and has a proven track record of security.

Securing your wallet with private keys

Your wallet contains your digital assets and must be secured with a private key. This key is essentially a password that gives you access to your funds. It's essential to keep this key safe and secure, as anyone with access to it can transfer your assets out of the wallet.

Transferring Bitcoin to your wallet

Once you have your wallet set up and secured, you can purchase Bitcoin and transfer it to your wallet. The process of purchasing Bitcoin is beyond the scope of this guide, but there are many reputable exchanges where you can make this purchase.

Acquiring NFTs with Bitcoin

NFT marketplaces that accept Bitcoin

Many NFT marketplaces now accept Bitcoin as a form of payment. Some of the most popular marketplaces include OpenSea, Rarible, and SuperRare. These platforms provide a range of NFTs that cover everything from art to collectibles and even virtual real estate.

The process of purchasing NFTs with Bitcoin

The process of purchasing an NFT with Bitcoin is relatively simple. You'll need to navigate to the desired NFT's page and follow the purchase process provided by the marketplace. Typically, this will involve sending the required amount of Bitcoin to the seller's address.

Fees and transaction times

It's essential to remember that both Bitcoin and NFT marketplaces charge fees for transactions. These fees can vary, so it's important to do your research and ensure that you understand the costs associated with acquiring and selling your NFTs. It's also essential to note that blockchain transactions can take time to process, so the actual transaction time may vary.

Accounting for NFTs in your financial records

Tracking the cost basis of your NFTs

When you purchase an NFT, you will need to track the cost basis of that purchase. This means tracking the price you paid for the NFT in Bitcoin. It's essential to record this price, as it will influence your future capital gains or losses when selling the asset.

Recording NFT sales and capital gains

When you sell an NFT for Bitcoin or another cryptocurrency, you will need to record the sale in your financial records. This means recording the sale price of the NFT and the associated fees, as well as the cost basis you've tracked. The difference between these values will determine your capital gains or losses, which you will need to report to the relevant tax authorities.

Handling NFT donations and gifts

If you receive an NFT as a gift or donation, you will need to record the gift or donation in your financial records. This means valuing the asset and recording it in your books at its fair market value. Similarly, if you donate an NFT, you will need to record the donation and determine its fair market value for tax purposes.


Accounting for NFTs with Bitcoin can be daunting, but it's essential for anyone looking to invest in this emerging market. With a solid understanding of the basics, setting up a secure wallet, and understanding the process of purchasing and selling NFTs, you can confidently manage your financial records. As with any investment, it's always a good idea to consult a tax professional to ensure that you're accurately accounting for your NFTs and Bitcoin.

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