Accounting for Non-Fungible Tokens on Flow Blockchain

Accounting for Non-Fungible Tokens on Flow Blockchain

Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) have risen in popularity over recent months, becoming a hot topic within the cryptocurrency world. On top of that, the Flow blockchain has become a leader in the space for NFT transactions. With such changes comes the challenge of understanding how to account for these unique assets in a traditional accounting context. This article will explore not only what NFTs are and how the Flow blockchain plays a role in them but also how to account for NFT transactions.

Understanding Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs)

NFTs are blockchain-based assets representing a unique identifier in a digital format. These tokens can represent a vast array of things, from digital artwork to online collectibles, and even in-game assets. However, what sets NFTs apart from traditional cryptocurrencies is that each token is unique and non-interchangeable, hence the term "non-fungible".

What are Non-Fungible Tokens?

In more practical terms, an NFT is like a certificate of authenticity indicating ownership of a specific digital asset. Unlike traditional cryptocurrencies, which are interchangeable and can be exchanged with identical units, NFTs represent one-of-a-kind objects. Put simply, an NFT is a digital identifier confirming the uniqueness of the asset.

Differences between Fungible and Non-Fungible Tokens

The critical difference between fungible and non-fungible tokens is their interchangeability. Fungible tokens, like traditional cryptocurrencies, are interchangeable and have no unique identifiers. Non-fungible tokens, on the other hand, are unique and non-interchangeable, representing digital artifacts like art and collectibles.

Use Cases of NFTs

The most popular use cases for NFTs are in the world of digital art, music, and other collectibles, where they can provide a permanent proof of ownership for buyers. Additionally, NFT technology can be utilized in online gaming, where it can enable the creation and exchange of in-game assets and provide clear ownership rights to players.

Introduction to Flow Blockchain

The Flow blockchain is a top-of-the-line blockchain designed to handle NFT transactions at a massive scale. It was created by the development team at Dapper Labs, the same people behind CryptoKitties, one of the first successful NFT projects. The Flow blockchain is a Proof-of-Stake protocol and provides several benefits over other blockchain platforms, such as Ethereum.

What is Flow Blockchain?

The Flow blockchain is a purpose-built blockchain platform designed for handling and processing massive NFT transactions. It uses a Proof-of-Stake consensus algorithm and was created to overcome the scalability issues commonly associated with other blockchain platforms, such as Ethereum.

Key Features of Flow Blockchain

One of the notable features of the Flow blockchain is its use of resource-oriented programming, which enables developers to focus more on the application's logic and less on the underlying infrastructure. This unique feature ensures that the network stays efficient even as the number of users in the network grows. Additionally, unlike Ethereum, Flow does not require users to pay high transaction fees, making it more affordable for users.

Flow Blockchain vs. Other Blockchain Platforms

Compared to other blockchain platforms like Ethereum, Flow is better suited for handling NFT transactions efficiently. This is because it was built specifically to handle massive transactions and has superior performance and scalability. Ethereum, on the other hand, can run into issues as volume increases due to congestion and scalability issues. With NFTs becoming more popular, Flow stands out as a platform of choice for handling such transactions with exceptional speed and reliability.

NFTs on Flow Blockchain

Creating NFTs on Flow

Creating NFTs on the Flow blockchain is relatively straightforward. Developers can use the Flow blockchain developer tools to create NFT smart contracts and deploy them on the Flow network. Once deployed, users can interact with the NFT contract and create unique NFTs by minting or issuing them.

Trading and Transferring NFTs on Flow

The Flow blockchain makes it easy to transfer and trade NFTs. This is accomplished by interacting with NFT contracts on the Flow network. Each NFT token will have its unique identifier, which will be used to track ownership. Users can purchase NFTs on various marketplaces or trade with others through various means, such as peer-to-peer transactions, provided by wider NFT platforms such as OpenSea.

Popular NFT Projects on Flow Blockchain

Some high-profile NFT projects currently leveraging the Flow blockchain include NBA Top Shot, an NFT-based collection of top-performing NBA moments, CryptoKitties, a blockchain-based game that allows players to breed and trade crypto-collectible cats, and Topps, a leading sports collectibles company that’s moving to NFTs. With such successful campaigns, investors are heavily interested in backing more NFT projects on the Flow blockchain and watching the sector grow rapidly.

Accounting for NFTs

Valuation of NFTs

NFT valuation can be a complicated subject because each NFT is unique and not fungible. The value depends on various factors like past sales prices, rarity, and perceived future value, just as with traditional artwork. The challenge for accountants is to determine an appropriate valuation method for each NFT, which will require considering factors unique to each asset.

Tax Implications of NFT Transactions

Since NFTs are treated as assets by the IRS, any gains made through the sale of NFTs may be subject to capital gains tax. The tax implications for NFTs may depend on various factors like the seller’s tax status, the type of transaction, and the amount of profit made. This complexity is why it's crucial to seek professional advice when accounting for NFT transactions.

Record-Keeping for NFTs

Due to the unique and non-interchangeable nature of NFTs, record-keeping is crucial for accounting purposes. For accounting purposes, digital receipts of each transaction should be maintained to ensure that all trades and associated costs are recorded accurately. This record-keeping will also help in tracking the ownership history of each NFT to avoid issues of misrepresentation or false ownership claims that could derail transactions.


As NFTs become more popular, understanding how to account for them becomes increasingly essential. Fortunately, with blockchain platforms like Flow, the process of buying, selling, and recording NFT asset transactions has become much more manageable. Understanding the financial implications of these transactions can help you invest safely and make the most of the opportunities available in the NFT market. By following appropriate accounting practices and seeking professional advice when necessary, investors can have confidence in the value of their investments and ensure their financial records accurately reflect their holdings.

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