How to Calculate NFT Royalty Revenue on Cardano

In recent years, NFTs, or Non-Fungible Tokens, have often been the buzzword in the crypto world. They have opened a new revenue stream for digital artists and collectors alike, one such revenue method being through royalties. This article delves into understanding these royalties, their relevance in the context of Cardano, a popular blockchain platform, and how they can be calculated.

Understanding NFT Royalties

Welcome to the world of NFTs (Non-Fungible Tokens), where digital artwork is revolutionizing the way artists are compensated for their creations. In this expanding ecosystem, NFT royalties play a crucial role in ensuring that artists continue to receive recognition and financial support even after their initial sale.

What are NFT Royalties?

NFT royalties are a payment mechanism that provides continuous compensation for creators every time their artwork is sold on the secondary marketplace. Just as authors receive royalties for each book sold, NFT artists can program royalties into their token contracts to ensure they receive a percentage of sales whenever their artwork is resold.

Imagine a scenario where an artist sells their NFT artwork for a certain price. Months or even years later, the buyer decides to sell it to someone else at a higher price. Without NFT royalties, the artist would miss out on any additional value gained from the artwork's appreciation. However, with royalties in place, the artist can benefit from the increasing value of their creation, even if they are no longer the owner.

How do NFT Royalties Work?

When an artist creates an NFT, they can stipulate in the smart contract that a certain percentage of any future sale price be returned as a royalty. This percentage can vary depending on the artist's preference and the platform's guidelines. The beauty of this mechanism is that it's automated and guaranteed. Whenever the NFT changes hands on the platform, the specified royalty percentage is automatically paid to the artist's wallet.

Let's consider an example to better understand the process. An artist creates a digital artwork and decides to sell it as an NFT. They set a royalty percentage of 10% in the smart contract. The artwork is purchased by a collector who loves the piece and decides to display it in their digital gallery. After some time, the collector receives an offer from another enthusiast who is willing to pay a higher price for the artwork. The collector agrees to the sale, and as the transaction occurs on the platform, the smart contract automatically calculates the royalty owed to the artist.

This automated system ensures that artists can continue to benefit from the success of their artwork, even as it changes hands multiple times. It creates a sustainable model where artists are incentivized to keep creating and pushing the boundaries of digital art.

NFT royalties not only provide financial support for artists but also establish a sense of ownership and connection between the creator and their audience. With each resale, the artist is reminded of the impact their work has had on others, fueling their passion and inspiring them to create more groundbreaking pieces.

As the NFT space evolves, artists and collectors alike are embracing the concept of royalties as a way to foster a thriving ecosystem. It encourages collaboration, innovation, and a deeper appreciation for the value that digital art brings to our lives.

Introduction to Cardano

Welcome to the world of Cardano, a revolutionary blockchain platform that is reshaping the future of decentralized finance. With its third-generation technology and open-source nature, Cardano aims to establish itself as the world's financial operating system, much like its predecessor Ethereum. Founded in 2015 by the brilliant mind behind Ethereum, Charles Hoskinson, Cardano stands out for its commitment to rigorous peer-reviewed research, which forms the very foundation of this remarkable platform.

What is Cardano?

Cardano is not just another blockchain platform; it is a visionary project that seeks to redefine the way we interact with financial systems. At its core, Cardano is a decentralized proof-of-stake (PoS) blockchain platform. This means that instead of relying on energy-intensive mining like Bitcoin, Cardano utilizes a more sustainable and efficient method of securing its network. By embracing the PoS consensus mechanism, Cardano allows users to participate in the network's governance and decision-making process.

One of the key differentiators of Cardano is its emphasis on peer-reviewed research. Unlike many other blockchain projects that rush to market with untested ideas, Cardano takes a meticulous approach. Every aspect of its design and functionality is subjected to rigorous scrutiny by experts in the field. This commitment to scientific research ensures that Cardano is built on a solid theoretical foundation, making it a robust and reliable platform for financial applications.

Why Use Cardano for NFTs?

Now, let's dive into why Cardano is an ideal platform for artists and collectors venturing into the exciting world of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs). Cardano's unique architecture and underlying technology provide a plethora of benefits that make it stand out in the crowded NFT space.

First and foremost, Cardano is renowned for its sustainability. Unlike other blockchain platforms that consume exorbitant amounts of energy, Cardano's proof-of-stake mechanism is energy-efficient and environmentally friendly. This sustainability aspect aligns perfectly with the growing global concern for reducing carbon footprints and promoting eco-friendly practices.

Scalability is another key advantage of Cardano. As the demand for NFTs continues to surge, scalability becomes a critical factor in ensuring a smooth and efficient marketplace. Cardano's innovative design allows for seamless scalability, enabling a large number of transactions to be processed quickly and without congestion. This means that artists and collectors can mint and trade NFTs on Cardano's platform with ease, even during periods of high network activity.

Furthermore, Cardano offers incredibly low transaction fees, making it an attractive choice for artists looking to maximize their earnings. High transaction fees have been a pain point for many artists on other blockchain platforms, but Cardano addresses this issue by providing a cost-effective solution. By minimizing transaction fees, Cardano empowers artists to showcase and sell their digital creations without worrying about excessive costs eating into their profits.

Finally, Cardano's smart contract functionality is a game-changer for NFT artists. Smart contracts enable the automation of various aspects of NFT ownership and trading, including royalty settings. With Cardano, artists can easily incorporate royalty mechanisms into their NFTs, ensuring that they receive a fair share of future sales. This feature not only provides artists with ongoing revenue streams but also enhances the overall value and attractiveness of Cardano as a platform for NFT enthusiasts.

In conclusion, Cardano's unique combination of sustainability, scalability, low transaction fees, and smart contract functionality makes it an ideal choice for artists and collectors venturing into the world of NFTs. Whether you are an established artist looking to expand your digital presence or a collector seeking unique and valuable digital assets, Cardano offers a secure and efficient platform to bring your NFT dreams to life.

Calculating NFT Royalties on Cardano

When it comes to the world of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs), the concept of royalties plays a crucial role. Royalties ensure that creators receive a portion of the proceeds every time their NFT is sold or traded. On Cardano, calculating NFT royalties involves a careful understanding of the specific royalty rate set in the NFT's smart contract and the sale price of the token. Additionally, it requires factoring in any fees that might be associated with the transaction. Let's dive into a step-by-step guide to help you navigate the process smoothly.

Step-by-Step Guide to Calculating NFT Royalties

Calculating NFT royalties on Cardano involves several key steps that ensure a fair distribution of proceeds. Let's explore each step in detail:

  1. Identify the specific royalty rate embedded in the NFT's smart contract: The first step is to determine the royalty rate specified in the NFT's smart contract. This rate represents the percentage of the sale price that the creator is entitled to receive as a royalty.
  2. Establish the sale price of the NFT: Once you have identified the royalty rate, the next step is to determine the sale price of the NFT. This price represents the amount for which the NFT is being sold or traded.
  3. Subtract any fees that might be associated with the transaction: In some cases, there might be transaction fees or platform fees associated with buying or selling an NFT. It is important to subtract these fees from the sale price to accurately calculate the royalty amount.
  4. Finally, use the established royalty rate to calculate the proportion of the sale price due as royalty: Once you have the adjusted sale price (after subtracting any fees), you can apply the royalty rate to calculate the actual royalty amount. Multiply the adjusted sale price by the royalty rate (expressed as a decimal) to determine the royalty due to the creator.

Tools Needed for Calculation

When it comes to calculating NFT royalties on Cardano, having the right tools at your disposal can greatly simplify the process. Here are some essential tools that can assist you:

  • Contract exploring tools like Cardanoscan: These tools allow you to explore the smart contract associated with the NFT. By analyzing the contract, you can extract essential details such as the royalty rate specified by the creator.
  • Cryptographic wallets that can fetch transaction details: Cryptographic wallets are essential for fetching transaction details. They provide a secure way to access information about the sale price and any associated fees. Wallets like Daedalus or Yoroi are popular choices among Cardano users.

By utilizing these tools, you can extract the necessary details required for calculating NFT royalties accurately. Remember, the goal is to ensure that creators receive their fair share of the proceeds, fostering a sustainable and supportive ecosystem for artists and creators in the NFT space.

Case Studies of NFT Royalty Calculations on Cardano

Case Study 1


Case Study 2


Common Challenges in Calculating NFT Royalties

Understanding Smart Contracts

Smart contracts can often be complex and require technical knowledge to fully grasp their functionalities. Additionally, different artists or platforms may structure royalties differently in the smart contracts. As such, interpreting these contracts and identifying the royalty rate can sometimes pose a challenge.

Dealing with Fluctuating Cryptocurrency Values

One of the inherent challenges in the crypto space, including the NFT market, is the fluctuating value of cryptocurrencies. The calculated royalties can vary significantly with the volatility of the digital currency in which the NFT was bought or sold.

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